History of Nigella Sativa Seed and Oil
Nigella Sativa oil and Its History
Nigella sativa is a plant that belongs to the ranunculus family (Ranunculaceae). This amazing plant is actually native to southwestern Asia, the Mediterranean, and Africa, yet due to its popularity, it is being cultivated all around the world. The Nigella sativa plant grows up to twelve inches tall and produces a fruit with seeds that are used as a flavorful spice in many cuisines! It has been grown for centuries for its aromatic and flavorful seeds that can be used as a spice or as an herbal medicine.
The Nigella sativa plant is commonly known as cumin seed, black caraway or fennel flower in western countries. In the middle east, it is known as kalonji, among many other names.
The seeds are mostly used in an oil and span a very extensive list of benefits. This is one simple, yet powerful seed. Nigella Sativa oil acts as a natural remedy for everything from bronchitis to diarrhea.
Mentioned In the Bible
The earliest written reference to black seed is in the book of Isaiah in the Old Testament. The book calls it “ketzah”, which is Hebrew for black cumin seeds, a spice used for bread and cakes. Easton’s Bible dictionary clarifies that the Hebrew word ketsah means Nigella sativa. Isaiah compares the reaping of black cumin with wheat. “For the black seed is not threshed with a threshing-sled, nor is a cartwheel rolled over the cumin. But the black cumin is beaten out with a stick, and the cumin with a rod.”(Isiah 28:25,27 NKJV).
Recommended By The Prophet Muhammad (SWS)
The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Hold on to the use of the black seed for indeed it has a remedy for every disease except death.”
“Hold on,” indicates constancy and continuity and suggests a long-term use and that means taking it regularly.
Hadith (Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (SWS) narrated by his companions.)7.591:
Narrated Khalid Bin Sad on Nigella sativa oil:
We went out and Ghalib bin Abjar was accompanying us. He fell ill on the way and when we arrived at Medina he was still sick. Ibn Abi ‘Atiq came to visit him and said to us, “Treat him with black cumin. Take five or seven seeds and crush them (mix the powder with oil). Drop the resulting mixture into both nostrils. Aisha narrated to me that she heard the Prophet saying, ‘This black seed is healing for all diseases except As-Sam’. Aisha had asked ‘What is As-Sam?’ The Prophet (SWS) replied, ‘Death.’ ” – Hadith 7.592
The Assyrian Herbal
The Assyrian Herbal, by R. Campbell Thompson published in 1924, was a monograph on the Assyrian vegetable drugs. It was translated from medicine records found on cuneiform clay tablets from Kouyunjik. It is an ancient city of Assyria on the Tigris River, an important waterway in Mesopotamia.
The Assyrian Herbal documents the medicinal, culinary and other uses of Nigella sativa oil. For example, in India, the Nigella is used as powder, decoction, paste, and medicated oil. It is an aromatic digestive, stomachic, emmenagogue, lactagogue, anthelmintic. It is also given after delivery to stimulate the uterus. It is also applied with sweet oil in skin diseases. Nigella seed brayed in water it removes swellings of the hands and feet. The seeds scattered between woolen shawls are used against insects.
Nigella Seeds were important to the Ancient Egyptians. It was a part of the preparations for Tutankhamen’s afterlife. Among the items entombed, they found Nigella sativa oil and nigella seed mixed with honey. They believed to assist the king in the hereafter.
From Nefertiti to Cleopatra
Cleopatra (The Queen of Nile) and Queen Nefertiti, are known for their allure and beauty. It found that the both have relied on the beautifying effects of Nigella sativa oil. Physicians in the time of the Pharaohs also used black seed. It was a common remedy for colds, headaches, digestive disorders, toothaches, infections, inflammatory disorders and patients with allergies. Its antioxidant property had shown a great beneficial effect on the skin.
Used By All Naturopathic Masters
Hippocrates(5th century B.C.) regarded Nigella sativa oil as a valuable remedy in hepatic and digestive disorders. In the first century, Pliny the elder and in his “Naturalis Historia” (Natural History) has it. He referred the Nigella seeds as “Gith”.
He treated snake and scorpion stings, calosites, tumors, abscesses and skin rashes with the Nigella seed. A series of remedies for colds and inflammation in the area of the head were also recommended. These remedies were listed in German medicinal plant encyclopedias of the 16th to 18th centuries.
Dioscorides, Father of Pharmacology, wrote the 5-volume “De Materia Medica”. This pharmacopeia is 2000 years old and was a reference for healing with herbs into the middle ages. In this, he mentioned the black seed oil under the name of Melanthion. He treated headaches, nasal congestion, toothache and intestinal parasites with this malathion.
The Muslim Scholar Al-Biruni (973-1048)
He composed a treatise on the origins of Indian and Chinese drugs. He mentions that the Sativa seed is a kind of grain called alwanak in the Sigzi dialect. Later, Suhar Bakht confirmed this and explained it to be habb-i-Sajzi. This reference points to the possible nutritional use during the 10th-11th centuries.
Appreciated In Ayurveda
In Ayurveda, black seed has been valued for its many qualities and its bitter, warming stimulant nature. In the tradition and typology of the three doshas, black cumin balances Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta.
It is used for a wide variety of diseases and disorders. Few of them are cancer, diabetes, intestinal parasites, liver damage, anemia, and arthritis. It has also been employed for unusual and more modern maladies. Few of them are like anorexia, certain disorders of the nervous system, and venereal disease.
As a result of its uterus-contracting effect, it is also administered when labor is weak and in cases of sepsis. Black seed oil should not be taken during pregnancy. But it is useful following birth due to its uterus cleansing and toning abilities. Other than that there has not been any mention of the side effect of the seeds.
The seeds are:
They are useful in:
- skin diseases
- a cough
- helminthiasis (especially tapeworm)
- intermittent fevers, agalactia and vitiated conditions of vata and pita
Ibn Sina (980-1037)
Persian physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna) is the author of the celebrated work “The Canon of Medicine”, one of the most famous and significant medical textbooks. He claimed black seed is good for:
- Inner purification and detoxification of the body.
- Reduction of mucous and strengthening lungs.
- Fever, coughs, colds, toothache, and headache.
- Skin diseases and wound treatments.
- Intestinal parasites and remedy for poisonous bites and stings.
Ibn Sina described that nigella seeds stimulates the body’s energy and helps recovery from fatigue or dispiritedness. And this still holds true for Tibb (Islamic Traditional Medicine) health practitioners today
Scientific analysis has pointed out rich nutritional values of Nigella sativa seeds. They refer it has a great source of energy. The volatile oil, constituent thymoquinone has been scientifically proven to protect against stomach ulcers by approximately 38%. It has also helped with reduce body weight fat.
From the Tibb health perspective, the nigella seed has the capacity to restore and maintain body heat. Our western diet is made of cold drinks, yogurt, pizza, cheese, processed and refined foods. It depletes the innate heat our body requires to function optimally.
Tibb holds the view that a reduced metabolic rate (innate heat) is the cause of most illnesses. The body, in losing energy, also loses its ability to fight off toxins, making it vulnerable to disease.
Traditionally used in the Orient for:
- gastrointestinal complaints
- mental degeneration
- pancreatic cancer
- stimulation of kidneys and increased urine flow
- congestion and bronchial disorders
- menstrual complaints
- promotion of lactation
- skin parasites
- Obesity / weight loss
- skin care
- blood pressure control
- dandruff and hair loss
German Medicinal Encyclopedias
Published in 1546, Kreutterbuch or “herbal” by Hieronymous Bock, mentions “the most lovely Nigella”. Bock, the pioneer of Renaissance botany, was also a physician, herbalist, and Lutheran minister.
Jacobus Theodorus, called Tabernaemontanus, was Bock’s student and became known as the “father of German botany”. He wrote the last of the great German encyclopedias of medicinal plants. It was called Neuwe Kreuterbuch or “The New Complete Herbal Book” (1588). It was reprinted through the 17th century. The book has detailed mentions about the medicinal herb nigella. Nigella sativa oil has been used in a variety of disease like Parasites, Detoxify and heal amoebic dysentery. Severe treatments like Shigellosis, Abscesses, old tumors. And topical applies to ulcers of the mouth and consuming it for. Several instances of nigella seed help improve sperm count and rhinitis has also been found.
Black cumin seed has been traditionally and successfully used in the Middle Eastern and Far East countries for centuries. It was used to treat ailments including bronchial asthma and bronchitis, rheumatism and related inflammatory diseases. It has treated with increase milk production in nursing mothers, to treat digestive disturbances. There have also been several mentions of the seeds supporting the body’s immune system. It also promotes digestion and elimination and to fight parasitic infestation and control blood sugar. This essential oil has been used to treat skin conditions such as eczema and boils. It is also used topically to treat cold symptoms.
Research was scanty in the mid 20th century but are abundant today. These research has continued to confirm that The Blessed Seed has potent medicinal applications. It applies to the old diseases that have plagued mankind for centuries. It is also helpful with the new diseases and conditions of the 21st century. Black Seed is indeed a timeless remedy and, as The Prophet (PBUH) said, a “remedy for all diseases except death.“ Check out Black Seed Oil Benefits here.
Learn more about the black seed oil dosage